by W Nieman, Technical Assistance R Nieman

[This paper was first published in Archimedes magazine, Summer 2000; Wilfred Nieman can be contacted on]

The Great Pyramid of Giza remains an enigma. Modern science has probed its many mysteries and raised several new questions, but the truly significant answers lie in its mathematics. Despite the many uncertainties and variables linked to its construction, one thing can now be stated for certain: The Great Pyramid of Giza is a mathematical principle, embodied in stone.